Manufacturing DISSENT!

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WELCOME! Welcome to my site!
Let me introduced my self!

My name is Mark A. Felkins this is a Blog about different matters that we all feel passionate about.

I Have listened to Radio or News Media, and at times you wonder if what they are saying is true!

This is my new blog about how media does and can manufacture hate, worry, and dissent!    Careful you might be being deceived!

I remember Robert Novak , he said he was a conservative but voted as a democrat from Wikipedia I quote ” Novak was a registered Democrat despite his conservative political views.

He held more centrist views in his early career, and he supported the Democratic presidential candidacies of John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson, of whom he was a friend.

I was blown way, I really thought Novak was a republican, I always thought his ideas were not, and I was confused, until I saw a documentary on him! My eyes were opened!
I used to watch Novak on CNN News, and Novak represented the republican argument on the show sometime Novak seemed not to argue the republican point, and would lose the argument, it would make me very upset, because he did not defend the the republican response!

Then when I found out Novak is not republican, calls him self conservative, what ever that means!

Then I heard Rush Limbaugh say some things that I did not agree with.

Then I heard Rush Limbaugh lie a about his drug addiction, and I wondered about Rushes Show!

Does Rush Limbaugh really Care about America or was he just getting even because how he was treated in school etc?

Then Sean Hannity Show the same disrespectful comments about Senator Kennedy, Sean make remarks about Ted’s drinking problem, at first it was funny then became annoying, then just plain rude!

Then I find out that Sean Hannity was a bartender for years, Sean may have given people to much to drink and they got to drunk to drive and may have killed someone!

Then Sean reviled he drinks too!

Than I found out that Sean Hannity is NOT A REPUBLICAN! He said He is a conservative! Sean Hannity is a disgruntled Ex-Republican I feel Sean hates both Republicans and Democrats!

I Could not believe FOX NEWS would allow someone who says they are a conservative but are a libertarian!

Next I noticed a trend of different talk shows all bent on hate and slowly preaching hate America!

I believe there are lots of fake Republicans that claim they are conservatives, but are really disgruntled individuals and hate our Government!

Sure our Government can be better. But these guys are going to far, and why?

Could they causing people to feel hopeless and is it making some of us go crazy?

Here is some biography of some talk show hosts , below, if you hear some talk show hosts that the preach hate, email me record some of there show, and I will try to post it here.

Below information and photos from Wikipedia.

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Rush Limbaugh, 2009 Born Rush Hudson Limbaugh III January 12, 1951 (age 62) Cape Girardeau, Missouri, U.S. Alma mater Southeast Missouri State University (did not graduate) Occupation Radio host, political commentator, author, television host (former) Years active 1967–present

Spouse(s) Roxy Maxine McNeely (1977–1980, div.) Michelle Sixta (1983–1990, div.) Marta Fitzgerald (1994–2004, div.) Kathryn Rogers (2010–pres) Website http://www.rushlimbaugh.com

Rush Hudson Limbaugh III (/ˈlɪmbɔː/,

LIM-baw; born January 12, 1951) is a conservative American radio talk show host and political commentator. Since he was 16, Limbaugh has worked a series of disc jockey jobs. His talk show began in 1984 at Sacramento radio station KFBK, featuring his ongoing format of political commentary and listener calls. In 1988 Limbaugh began broadcasting his show nationally from radio station WABC in New York City. He currently lives in Palm Beach, Florida, from where he broadcasts the The Rush Limbaugh Show, the highest-rated talk-radio program in the United States. [1][2]

Talkers Magazine in 2012 lists Limbaugh as the most-listened-to talk show host with a weekly audience of 15 million. [3]

In the 1990s Limbaugh’s books The Way Things Ought to Be (1992) and See, I Told You So (1993) made The New York Times Best Seller list. Limbaugh frequently criticizes, in his books and on his show, what he regards as liberal policies and politicians, as well as what he perceives as a pervasive liberal bias in major U.S. media. Limbaugh is among the highest paid people in U.S. media, signing a contract in 2008 for $400 million through 2016. [4]

Early life

Professional career
Rush Limbaugh, 2009 Born Rush Hudson Limbaugh III January 12, 1951 (age 62) Cape Girardeau, Missouri, U.S. Alma mater Southeast Missouri State University (did not graduate) Occupation Radio host, political commentator, author, television host (former) Years active 1967–present

Spouse(s) Roxy Maxine McNeely (1977–1980, div.) Michelle Sixta (1983–1990, div.) Marta Fitzgerald (1994–2004, div.) Kathryn Rogers (2010–pres) Website http://www.rushlimbaugh.com

Rush Hudson Limbaugh III (/ˈlɪmbɔː/,

LIM-baw; born January 12, 1951) is a conservative American radio talk show host and political commentator. Since he was 16, Limbaugh has worked a series of disc jockey jobs. His talk show began in 1984 at Sacramento radio station KFBK, featuring his ongoing format of political commentary and listener calls. In 1988 Limbaugh began broadcasting his show nationally from radio station WABC in New York City. He currently lives in Palm Beach, Florida, from where he broadcasts the The Rush Limbaugh Show, the highest-rated talk-radio program in the United States. [1][2]

Talkers Magazine in 2012 lists Limbaugh as the most-listened-to talk show host with a weekly audience of 15 million. [3]

In the 1990s Limbaugh’s books The Way Things Ought to Be (1992) and See, I Told You So (1993) made The New York Times Best Seller list. Limbaugh frequently criticizes, in his books and on his show, what he regards as liberal policies and politicians, as well as what he perceives as a pervasive liberal bias in major U.S. media. Limbaugh is among the highest paid people in U.S. media, signing a contract in 2008 for $400 million through 2016. [4]

Early life


Early life

See also: Limbaugh family

Rush Hudson Limbaugh III was born in Cape Girardeau, Missouri, the son of Mildred Carolyn “Millie” (née Armstrong) and Rush Hudson Limbaugh, Jr. His father was a lawyer and a U.S. fighter pilot who served in the China Burma India Theater of World War II. His mother was a native of Searcy, Arkansas. The name “Rush” was originally chosen for his grandfather to honor the maiden name of family member Edna Rush. [5]

Limbaugh has German ancestry. [6] His family has many lawyers, including his grandfather, father and brother David. His uncle, Stephen N. Limbaugh, Sr. is a federal judge in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri. His cousin, Stephen N. Limbaugh, Jr., is currently a judge in the same court, appointed by George W. Bush. Rush Limbaugh, Sr., Limbaugh’s grandfather was a Missouri prosecutor, judge, special commissioner, member of the Missouri House of Representatives from 1930 until 1932, and longtime president of the Missouri Historical Society. [7] The Federal Courthouse in Cape Girardeau is named for Limbaugh’s grandfather, Rush Limbaugh, Sr..

Limbaugh began his career in radio as a teenager in 1967 in his hometown of Cape Girardeau, using the name Rusty Sharpe. [5][8]

Limbaugh graduated from Cape Girardeau, Missouri Central High School, in 1969; where he played football. [9][10] Because of his parents’ desire to see him attend college, he enrolled in Southeast Missouri State University but left the school after two semesters and one summer. According to his mother, “he flunked everything”, and “he just didn’t seem interested in anything except radio.” [5][11]

Limbaugh’s biographer states that a large part of his life has been dedicated to gaining his father’s respect and approval. [12]

Professional career

1970s

After dropping out of college, Limbaugh moved to McKeesport, Pennsylvania. In 1972, he became a Top 40 music disc jockey on WIXZ, a small AM radio station that reached much of the Pittsburgh area. He started with an afternoon show and later did mornings, broadcasting under the name Jeff Christie. Limbaugh moved to Pittsburgh station KQV in 1973 as the evening disc jockey, succeeding Jim Quinn. He was fired in late-1974, when the station was sold to Taft Broadcasting. Limbaugh was reportedly told by management that he would never make it as on air talent, and should consider going into sales. [5] Unable to find another job in local radio, Limbaugh moved back home to Cape Girardeau. He became a lifelong fan of the Pittsburgh Steelers from his time in the region. [13][14][15]

For the rest of the decade Limbaugh took jobs at several radio stations, working in music radio, before settling in Kansas City. In 1979, he left radio and accepted a position as director of promotions with the Kansas City Royals baseball team. [5] There he developed a close friendship with then-Royals star third baseman and future Hall of Famer George Brett; the two remain close friends. [16]

1980s

In 1984, Limbaugh returned to radio as a talk show host at KFBK in Sacramento, California, where he replaced Morton Downey, Jr. [5] The repeal of the Fairness Doctrine—which had required that stations provide free air time for responses to any controversial opinions that were broadcast—by the FCC in 1987 meant stations could broadcast editorial commentary without having to present opposing views. Daniel Henninger wrote, in a Wall Street Journal editorial, “Ronald Reagan tore down this wall (the Fairness Doctrine) in 1987 … and Rush Limbaugh was the first man to proclaim himself liberated from the East Germany of liberal media domination.” [17]

On August 1, 1988, after achieving success in Sacramento and drawing the attention of former ABC Radio President Edward F. McLaughlin, Limbaugh moved to New York City and began his national radio show. He debuted just weeks after the Democratic National Convention, and just weeks before the Republican National Convention. Limbaugh’s radio home in New York City was the talk-formatted WABC, and this remains his flagship station (although Limbaugh now hosts his program from West Palm Beach). [5]

1990s

In December 1990, journalist Lewis Grossberger wrote in The New York Times that Limbaugh had “more listeners than any other talk show host” and described Limbaugh’s style as “bouncing between earnest lecturer and political vaudevillian”. [18] Limbaugh’s rising popularity coincided with the Persian Gulf War, and his support for the war effort and his relentless ridicule of peace activists. The program gained more popularity and was moved to stations with larger audiences, eventually being broadcast on over 650 radio stations nationwide.

In 1992, Democrat Bill Clinton was elected president of the United States. Limbaugh satirized the policies of Clinton and First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton, as well as those of the Democratic Party. When the Republican Party won control of Congress in the 1994 midterm elections, the freshman Republican class awarded Limbaugh an honorary membership in their caucus. This event confirmed him as an influential figure on the national political scene. [19]

2000s

Limbaugh had publicized personal difficulties in the 2000s. In late 2001, he acknowledged that he had gone almost completely deaf, although he continued his show. He was able to regain much of his hearing with the help of cochlear implants.

In 2003, Limbaugh had a brief stint as a pro football commentator with ESPN. He resigned a few weeks into the 2003 NFL season after making comments about the press coverage for quarterback Donovan McNabb that caused controversy and accusations of racism on the part of Limbaugh. His comment about McNabb was: “I don’t think he’s been that good from the get-go. I think what we’ve had here is a little social concern in the NFL. I think the media has been very desirous that a black quarterback do well. They’re interested in black coaches and black quarterbacks doing well. I think there’s a little hope invested in McNabb and he got a lot of credit for the performance of his team that he really didn’t deserve. The defense carried this team.” [20]

For example, a sportswriter construed the comment as racist against himself and other sportswriters. [21] Another sports analyst wrote Limbaugh’s viewpoint was shared by “many football fans and analysts” and “it is … absurd to say that the sports media haven’t overrated Donovan McNabb because he’s black.” [22]

In 2003, Limbaugh stated that he was addicted to pain medication, and sought treatment. [23] In April 2006, Limbaugh turned himself in to authorities, on a warrant issued by the state attorney’s office, and was arrested “on a single charge of prescription fraud”. [24] His record was later expunged. [25]


The Rush Limbaugh Show

Main article: The Rush Limbaugh Show

Limbaugh’s radio show airs for three hours each weekday beginning at noon Eastern Standard Time on both AM and FM radio. The program is also broadcast worldwide on the Armed Forces Radio Network.

Radio broadcasting shifted from AM to FM in the late 1970s because of the opportunity to broadcast music in stereo with better fidelity. Limbaugh’s show was first nationally syndicated in August 1988, in a later stage of AM’s decline. Limbaugh’s popularity paved the way for other conservative talk radio programming to become commonplace on the AM radio. In March 2006, WBAL in Baltimore became the first major market radio station in the country to drop Limbaugh’s nationally syndicated radio program. [26] In 2007, Talkers magazine again named him No. 1 in its “Heavy Hundred” most important talk show hosts.

Limbaugh frequently mentions the EIB (Excellence In Broadcasting) network, but this is a mythic construction, as he told The New York Times in 1990. [27] In reality, his show was co-owned and first syndicated by Edward F. McLaughlin, former president of ABC who founded EFM Media in 1988, with Limbaugh’s show as his first product. In 1997, McLaughlin sold EFM to Jacor Communications, which was ultimately bought up by Clear Channel Communications. Today, Limbaugh owns a majority of the show, which is syndicated by the Premiere Radio Networks.

According to a 2001 article in U.S. News & World Report, Limbaugh had an eight-year contract, at the rate of $31.25 million a year. [28] In 2007, Limbaugh earned $33 million. [29] On July 2, 2008, Matt Drudge reported that Limbaugh signed a contract extension through 2016 that is worth over $400 million, breaking records for any broadcast. [30] A November 2008 poll by Zogby International found that Rush Limbaugh was the most trusted news personality in the nation, garnering 12.5% of poll responses. [31]

Television show

Limbaugh had a syndicated half-hour television show from 1992 through 1996, produced by Roger Ailes. The show discussed many of the topics on his radio show, and was taped in front of an audience. Rush Limbaugh says he loves doing his radio show [32] but not a TV show. [33]

Other media appearances

Limbaugh’s first television hosting experience came March 30, 1990, as a guest host on Pat Sajak’s CBS late-night talk show, The Pat Sajak Show. [34] ACT UP activists in the audience [35] heckled Limbaugh repeatedly; ultimately the entire studio audience was cleared. In 2001, Sajak said the incident was “legendary around CBS”. [36]

On December 17, 1993, Limbaugh appeared on the Late Show with David Letterman. [37]

Limbaugh also guest-starred (as himself) on a 1994 episode of Hearts Afire. He appeared in the 1995 Billy Crystal film Forget Paris, and in 1998 on an episode of The Drew Carey Show.

In 2007, Limbaugh made cameo appearances on Fox News Channel’s short-lived The 1/2 Hour News Hour in a series of parodies portraying him as the future President of the United States. In the parodies, his vice president was fellow conservative pundit Ann Coulter. He also made a cameo in the Family Guy episode “Blue Harvest” that year. More recent Family Guy appearances have been: the 2010 episode “Excellence in Broadcasting”, and the 2011 episode “It’s a Trap!”, a parody of Return of the Jedi, in which Limbaugh can be heard on the radio claiming that, among other things, the “intergalactic liberal space media” was lying about climate change on the planet Hoth, and that Lando Calrissian’s administrative position on Cloud City was a result of affirmative action.

His persona has often been utilized as a template for a stereotypical conservative talk show host on TV shows and in movies, including an episode of The Simpsons (as a conservative talk radio host named Birch Barlow), as Gus Baker on an episode of Beavis and Butt-head, as Lash Rambo (host of “Perfection in Broadcasting”) on an episode of The New WKRP in Cincinnati, and as Fielding Chase in the Columbo spinoff film Butterfly in Shades of Grey.

As a result of his television program, Limbaugh became known for wearing distinctive neckties. In response to viewer interest, Limbaugh launched a series of ties [38] designed primarily by his then-wife Marta. [39] Sales of the ties reached over US$5 million in their initial sales year, but were later discontinued.

In January 2010, Chicago’s Second City announced a new production, Rush Limbaugh: The Musical, a musical parody-pastiche following in the footsteps of 2009’s successful run of Rod Blagojevich Superstar, which has been written and developed by the same creative team.

On January 30, 2010, Limbaugh was a judge for the 2010 Miss America pageant in Las Vegas. [40] In early 2011, Limbaugh was the subject of the third season of Golf Channel’s The Haney Project, in which instructor Hank Haney coached him in eight episodes. [41]

Awards and recognition

In 1992, Ronald Reagan sent Limbaugh a letter in which he thanked him “for all you’re doing to promote Republican and conservative principles … [and] you have become the Number One voice for conservatism in our Country.” [42][43]

Limbaugh was the 1992, 1995, 2000 and 2005 recipient of the Marconi Radio Award for Syndicated Radio Personality of the Year (given by the National Association of Broadcasters), joining the syndicated Bob & Tom Show as the only other four-time winners of a Marconi award. He was inducted into the National Radio Hall of Fame in 1993.

In 2002, Talkers Magazine ranked him as the greatest radio talk show host of all time. [44] Limbaugh is the highest-paid syndicated radio host. [45]

On March 29, 2007, Limbaugh was awarded the inaugural William F. Buckley, Jr. Award for Media Excellence, by the Media Research Center, a conservative media analysis group. [46]

On January 5, 2008, the conservative magazine Human Events announced Limbaugh as their 2007 Man of the Year. [47]

On December 1, 2008, TV Guide reported that Limbaugh was selected as one of America’s top ten most fascinating people of 2008 for a Barbara Walters ABC special that aired on December 4, 2008. [48]

On February 28, 2009, following his self-described “first address to the Nation” lasting 90 minutes, carried live on CNN and Fox News and recorded for C-SPAN, Limbaugh received CPAC’s “Defender of the Constitution Award”, a document originally signed by Benjamin Franklin, given to someone “who has stood up for the First Amendment … Rush Limbaugh is for America, exactly what Benjamin Franklin did for the Founding Fathers … the only way we will be successful is if we listen to Rush Limbaugh”. [49]

Zev Chafets, whose book Rush Limbaugh: An Army of One was published May 25, 2010, wrote after the first primaries of the 2010 U.S. election season that Limbaugh was “the brains and the spirit behind” the Republican Party’s “resurgence” in the wake of the 2008 election of President Barack Obama. In his May 20, 2010, New York Times op-ed column, Chafets pointed among others to Sen. Arlen Specter’s defeat, after being labeled by Limbaugh “Republican in Name Only,” and to Sarah Palin, whose “biggest current applause line —Republicans are not just the party of no, but the party of hell no—came courtesy of Mr. Limbaugh.” More generally, Chafets wrote, Limbaugh has argued the party-of-no Ronald Reagan conservative course for the Republicans vigorously, notably since six weeks after the Obama inauguration, and has been fundamental to, and encouraging to, the more prominently noted Tea Party movement. [50]

Rush Limbaugh was inducted into the Hall of Famous Missourians on May 14, 2012. [51] A bronze bust of Limbaugh is now on display in the Missouri State Capitol building in Jefferson City. It is the only such bust with its own security camera to discourage vandalism. [52][53

Works

The Way Things Ought to Be (1992) Pocket Books ISBN 0-671-75145-X See, I Told You So (1993) Pocket Books ISBN 0-671-87120-X Rush Revere and the Brave Pilgrims (2013) Threshold Editions ISBN 1-476-75586-8 In 1992, Limbaugh published his first book, The Way Things Ought To Be, followed by See, I Told You So in 1993. [54] Both became number one on the New York Times Best Seller list, The Way Things Ought to Be remaining there for 24 weeks. [55] The text of the first book was taped by Limbaugh, and transcribed and edited by Wall Street Journal writer John Fund. In the second book, Joseph Farah of WorldNetDaily is named as his collaborator. [56]

In 2013, Limbaugh authored a children’s book titled Rush Revere and the Brave Pilgrims: Time-Travel with Exceptional Americans. [57] The book is scheduled for release on October 29, 2013. [58]

Views

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Rush Limbaugh

In his first New York Times best seller, Limbaugh describes himself as conservative, and is critical of broadcasters in many media outlets for claiming to be objective. He has criticized political centrists, independents, and moderate conservatives, claiming they are responsible for Democrat Barack Obama’s victory over Republican John McCain in the 2008 U.S. Presidential Election and inviting them to leave the Republican party. He calls for the adoption of core conservative philosophies in order to ensure the survival of the Republican party. [59][60][61]

James Rainey of the Los Angeles Times quoted Limbaugh as saying after the 2008 election of Barack Obama as the 44th President of the United States that the Democrats will “take your 401(k), put it in the Social Security Trust Fund.” [62]

African-Americans

Limbaugh has been noted for making controversial race-related statements with regard to African-Americans. He has drawn connections between African-American appearance and criminality on several occasions, once opining that all newspaper composite pictures of wanted criminals resembled Jesse Jackson, and another time that “the NFL all too often looks like a game between the Bloods and the Crips without any weapons.” [63][64] While employed as what he describes as an “insult-radio” DJ, he used a derogatory racial stereotype to characterize a black caller he could not understand, telling the caller to “take that bone out of your nose and call me back.” [64] In March 2010, Limbaugh used the similarity of recently resigned Rep. Eric Massa’s surname to the slavery-era African-American pronunciation of “master” to make a pun on the possibility that Gov. David Paterson, New York’s first African-American governor, would pick Massa’s replacement: “Let’s assume you’re right [caller]. So, David Paterson will become the massa who gets to appoint whoever gets to take Massa’s place. So, for the first time in his life, Paterson’s gonna be a massa. Interesting, interesting.” [65]

Limbaugh has asserted that African-Americans, in contrast with other minority groups, are “left behind” socially because they have been systematically trained from a young age to hate America because of the welfare state. [66]

Capital punishment

Limbaugh supports capital punishment, saying “the only thing cruel about the death penalty is last-minute stays.” [67]

Drug abuse

Limbaugh has been an outspoken critic of what he sees as leniency towards criminal drug use in America. On his television show in October 5, 1995, Limbaugh stated, “too many whites are getting away with drug use” and illegal drug trafficking. Limbaugh proposed that the racial disparity in drug enforcement could be fixed if authorities increased detection efforts, conviction rates, and jail time for whites involved in illegal drugs. [68]

Environmental issues

Limbaugh is critical of environmentalism and climate science. [69] He has disputed claims of anthropogenic global warming, and the relationship between CFCs and depletion of the ozone layer, saying the scientific evidence does not support them. [67] Limbaugh has argued against the scientific consensus on climate change saying it is “just a bunch of scientists organized around a political proposition.” [70]

Limbaugh has used the term “environmentalist wacko” when referring to left-leaning environmental advocates. [71] As a rhetorical device, he has also used the term to refer to more mainstream climate scientists and other environmental scientists and advocates with whom he disagrees. [72]

Limbaugh has written that “there are more acres of forestland in America today than when Columbus discovered the continent in 1492,” a claim that is disputed by the United States Forest Service and the American Forestry Association, which state that the precolonial forests have been reduced by about 24% or nearly 300 million acres. [73][74]

Feminism

Limbaugh is critical of feminism, saying that “Feminism was established so as to allow unattractive women easier access to the mainstream of society.” [75] He also popularized the term “feminazi”, referring to about two dozen feminists “to whom the most important thing in life is ensuring that as many abortions as possible occur.” [76]

He credited his friend Tom Hazlett, a professor of law and economics at George Mason University, with coining the term. [77]

Iraq prisoner abuse

On the Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse scandal, Limbaugh said, “This is no different than what happens at the Skull and Bones initiation … And we’re going to ruin people’s lives over it and we’re going to hamper our military effort, and then we are going to really hammer them because they had a good time.” [78][79]

Obama’s policies

On January 16, 2009, Limbaugh commented on the (then-upcoming) Obama presidency, “I hope he fails.” [80] Limbaugh later said that he wants to see Obama’s policies fail, not the man himself. [81] Speaking of Obama, Limbaugh said, “He’s my president, he’s a human being, and his ideas and policies are what count for me.” [80]

Use of entertainment props

Limbaugh utilizes props to introduce his monologues on various topics. On his radio show, news about the homeless has often been preceded with the Clarence “Frogman” Henry song “Ain’t Got No Home.” [82] For a time, Dionne Warwick’s song “I Know I’ll Never Love This Way Again” preceded reports about people with AIDS. [83] These later became “condom updates” preceded by Fifth Dimension’s song, Up, Up and Away. [82] For two weeks in 1989, on his Sacramento radio show, Limbaugh performed “caller abortions” where he would end a call suddenly to the sounds of a vacuum cleaner and a scream. He would then deny that he had “hung up” on the caller, which he had promised not to do. Limbaugh claims that he used this gag to illustrate “the tragedy of abortion” as well as to highlight the question of whether abortion constitutes murder. [84] During the Clinton administration, while filming his television program, Limbaugh referred to media coverage of Socks, the Clintons’ cat. He then stated, “But did you know there is also a White House dog?” and a picture of Chelsea Clinton was shown. When questioned about it, Limbaugh claimed that it was an accident and that without his permission some technician had put up the picture of Chelsea. [85][86][87][88][89][90]

Claims of inaccuracy

Some groups and individuals have criticized Limbaugh’s accuracy. The July–August 1994 issue of Extra!, a publication of the progressive group Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting (FAIR), alleges 50 different inaccuracies and distortions in Limbaugh’s commentary. [91][92] Others have since joined FAIR in questioning Limbaugh’s facts. Comedian Al Franken, who later became a Senator, wrote a satirical book (Rush Limbaugh Is a Big Fat Idiot and Other Observations) in which he accused Limbaugh of distorting facts to serve his own political biases. [93]

Limbaugh has been criticized for inaccuracies by the Environmental Defense Fund. A defense fund report authored by Princeton University endowed geoscience professor Michael Oppenheimer and professor of biology David Wilcove lists 14 significant scientific facts that, the authors allege, Limbaugh misrepresented in his book The Way Things Ought to Be. [94] The authors conclude that “Rush Limbaugh … allows his political bias to distort the truth about a whole range of important scientific issues.”

On October 14, 2011, Limbaugh questioned the U.S. military initiative against one of the most wanted men in the world Joseph Kony and his Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), based on the assumption that they were Christians. “They are fighting the Muslims in Sudan. And Obama has sent troops, United States troops to remove them from the battlefield, which means kill them.” Upon learning about the accusations leveled against Kony, which included kidnapping whole schools of young children for use as child soldiers, Limbaugh stated that he would research the group. [95][96] The show’s written transcript on his website was not changed. [96][97]

Charitable work

Leukemia and lymphoma telethon

Limbaugh holds an annual fundraising telethon called the “EIB Cure-a-Thon” [98]

for the Leukemia & Lymphoma Society. [99]

In 2006, the EIB Cure-a-Thon conducted its 16th annual telethon, raising $1.7 million, [100] totaling over $15 million since the first cure-a-thon. [101] According to Leukemia and Lymphoma Society annual reports, Limbaugh personally contributed between $100,000 and $499,999 from 2000–2005 and 2007, [102] and Limbaugh said that he contributed around $250,000 in 2003, 2004 and 2005. [103] NewsMax reported Limbaugh donated $250,000 in 2006, [104] and the Society’s 2006 annual report placed him in the $500,000 to $999,999 category. [102] Limbaugh donated $320,000 during the 2007 Cure-a-Thon, [105]

which the Leukemia and Lymphoma Society reported had raised $3.1 million. [106] On his radio program April 18, 2008, Limbaugh pledged $400,000 to the Leukemia and Lymphoma Society after being challenged by two listeners to increase his initial pledge of $300,000. [107]

Marine Corps–Law Enforcement Foundation

Limbaugh conducts an annual drive to help the Marine Corps–Law Enforcement Foundation collect contributions to provide scholarships for children of Marines and law enforcement officers/agents who have died in the line of duty. [108][109] The foundation was the beneficiary of a record $2.1 million eBay auction in October 2007 after Limbaugh listed for sale a letter critical of him signed by 41 Democratic senators and pledged to match the selling price. [110] With the recent founding of his and his wife’s company Two if by Tea, they have pledged to donate at least $100,000 to the MC-LEF beginning in June 2011. [111]

Personal life

Limbaugh has been married four times and has no children. [112] He was first married at the age of 26 to Roxy Maxine McNeely, a sales secretary at radio station WHB in Kansas City, Missouri. They were married at the Centenary United Methodist Church in Limbaugh’s hometown of Cape Girardeau, Missouri on September 24, 1977. [113]

McNeely filed for divorce in March 1980, citing “incompatibility.” They were formally divorced on July 10, 1980. [5]

In 1983, Limbaugh married Michelle Sixta, a college student and usherette at the Kansas City Royals Stadium Club. They were divorced in 1990, and she remarried the following year. [5]

On May 27, 1994, Limbaugh married Marta Fitzgerald, a 35-year-old aerobics instructor whom he met on the online service CompuServe in 1990. [114] They were married at the house of U.S. Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas, who officiated. [115] They were separated on June 11, 2004. [116] Limbaugh announced his divorce on the air. The divorce was finalized in December 2004. [117] In September 2004, Limbaugh became romantically involved with then-TV personality Daryn Kagan, and they broke up in February 2006. [118]

Limbaugh has lived in Palm Beach, Florida since 1996. A friend recalls that Limbaugh “fell in love with Palm Beach…after visiting her over Memorial Day weekend in 1995.” [119]

On December 30, 2009, while vacationing in Honolulu, Hawaii, Limbaugh was admitted to Queen’s Medical Center with intense chest pains. His doctors attributed the pain to angina pectoris. [120]

He dated Kathryn Rogers, a party planner from Florida, for three years [121] before he married her on June 5, 2010. [122][123] During the wedding reception after the ceremony, Elton John entertained the wedding guests for a reported $1 million fee; however, Limbaugh himself denied that the $1 million figure was accurate on his September 7, 2010, radio show. [124][125]

Through a holding company, KARHL Holdings (KARHL meaning “Kathryn and Rush Hudson Limbaugh”), Limbaugh launched a line of bottled iced tea beverages, entitled “Two if by Tea” [126] a play on the line from Henry Wadsworth Longfellow’s “Paul Revere’s Ride “one if by land, two if by sea”. [127]

Prescription drug addiction

On October 3, 2003, the National Enquirer reported that Limbaugh was being investigated for illegally obtaining the prescription drugs oxycodone and hydrocodone. Other news outlets quickly confirmed the investigation. [128] He admitted to listeners on his radio show on October 10, 2003, that he was addicted to prescription painkillers and stated that he would enter inpatient treatment for 30 days, immediately after the broadcast. [129]

Limbaugh stated his addiction to painkillers resulted from several years of severe back pain heightened by a botched surgery intended to correct those problems.

A subsequent investigation into whether Limbaugh had violated Florida’s doctor shopping laws was launched by the Palm Beach State Attorney, which raised privacy issues when investigators seized Limbaugh’s private medical records looking for evidence of crimes. Roy Black, one of Limbaugh’s attorneys, stated that “Rush Limbaugh was singled out for prosecution because of who he is. We believe the state attorney’s office is applying a double standard.” [130] On November 9, 2005, following two years of investigations, Assistant State Attorney James L. Martz requested the court to set aside Limbaugh’s doctor–patient confidentiality rights and allow the state to question his physicians. [131] Limbaugh’s attorney opposed the prosecutor’s efforts to interview his doctors on the basis of patient privacy rights, and argued that the prosecutor had violated Limbaugh’s Fourth Amendment rights by illegally seizing his medical records. The American Civil Liberties Union issued a statement in agreement and filed an amicus curiae brief in support of Limbaugh. [132][133] On December 12, 2005, Judge David F. Crow delivered a ruling prohibiting the State of Florida from questioning Limbaugh’s physicians about “the medical condition of the patient and any information disclosed to the health care practitioner by the patient in the course of the care and treatment of the patient.” [134]

On April 28, 2006, a warrant was issued for his arrest on the charge of doctor shopping. According to Teri Barbera, spokeswoman for the sheriff, during his arrest, Limbaugh was booked, photographed, and fingerprinted, but not handcuffed. He was then released after about an hour on $3,000 bail. [135][136][137]

After his surrender, he filed a “not guilty” plea to the charge. Prosecutors explained that the charges were brought after they discovered he received about 2,000 painkillers, prescribed by four doctors in six months, at a pharmacy near his Palm Beach mansion. In 2009, after 3 years of prolonged discussion regarding a settlement, prosecutors agreed to drop the charge if Limbaugh paid $30,000 to defray the cost of the investigation, completed an 18-month therapy regimen with his physician, submitted to random drug testing, and gave up his right to own a firearm for eighteen months. [138] Limbaugh agreed to the settlement, though he continued to maintain his innocence of doctor shopping and asserted that the state’s offer resulted from a lack of evidence supporting the charge. [139]

Before his addiction became known, Limbaugh had condemned illegal drug use on his television program, stating that “Drug use, some might say, is destroying this country… And so if people are violating the law by doing drugs, they ought to be accused and they ought to be convicted and they ought to be sent up.” [140][141]

In June 2006, Limbaugh was detained by drug enforcement agents at Palm Beach International Airport. Customs officials confiscated Viagra from Limbaugh’s luggage as he was returning from the Dominican Republic. The prescription was not in Limbaugh’s name. [142] After he was released with no charges filed, Limbaugh joked about the incident on his radio show, claiming that he got the Viagra at the Clinton Library and was told they were blue M&M’s. He also stated that “I had a great time in the Dominican Republic. Wish I could tell you about it.” [142]

Cigar aficionado

In the early 1990s, when the cigar boom was gaining momentum, Limbaugh was seen frequently with a cigar in hand and by the end of the 1990s, cigars had become Limbaugh’s staple in many public appearances. Often starting segments of his show with the phrase, “Amid billowing clouds of fragrant and aromatic first-, second-, and sometimes third-hand premium cigar smoke” as well as mentioning a story print-out in his “formerly nicotine-stained fingers”, cigars became a common topic of discussion. In the spring of 1994, Limbaugh appeared on the cover of the magazine Cigar Aficionado and shared the story of his conversion to cigars. He has since been a frequent participant in many events such as “The Big Smoke”, hosted throughout the year by the magazine. Limbaugh has participated in many charity cigar auctions hosted by the magazine, and is known to talk frequently with his listeners about his and their cigar interests, preferences and recommendations. “I think cigars are just a tremendous addition to the enjoyment of life.” [143] He is also frequently seen in his studio smoking a cigar during his show.

Deafness

Rush Limbaugh has described himself as being “100%, totally deaf”. [144] In 2001, Limbaugh announced that he had lost most of his ability to hear: “I cannot hear television. I cannot hear music. I am, for all practical purposes, deaf – and it’s happened in three months.” He said that the condition was not genetic. [145] On December 19, 2001, doctors at the House Ear Clinic in Los Angeles were able to successfully restore a measure of his hearing through cochlear implant surgery. Limbaugh received a Clarion CII Bionic Ear. [146]

When questioned whether Limbaugh’s sudden hearing loss was caused by his addiction to opiates, his cochlear implant doctor, otolaryngologist Jennifer Derebery, said that it was possible but that there is no way to know for sure without performing tests that would destroy Limbaugh’s hearing completely. “We don’t know why some people, but apparently not most, who take large doses may lose their hearing”. [147]

In 2005, Limbaugh was forced to undergo “tuning” due to an “eye twitch”, an apparent side-effect of cochlear implants. [148]

Controversies

Armed Forces Radio

On May 26, 2004, an article in the left-leaning publication Salon.com criticized the presence of the Rush Limbaugh Show on American Forces Radio and Television Service (AFRTS). [149] The article opposed [why?] the AFRTS carrying the first hour of Limbaugh’s show. Melvin Russell, director of AFRTS, defended Limbaugh’s presence, by pointing to Limbaugh’s high ratings in the US; in addition, AFRTS produced a ballot of radio and television shows asking troops worldwide, “Who do you want that we don’t at present carry?” The Rush Limbaugh Show was not listed on the ballot, but won the vote as a write-in by the troops. A later poll by Lund Media Research found that a majority of soldiers preferred that talk show programs be replaced by hip hop and rap stations. [150]

Michael J. Fox

In October 2006 Limbaugh said Michael J. Fox, who suffers from Parkinson’s disease, had exaggerated the effects of his affliction in political TV ad advocating for funding of stem cell research. Limbaugh said that Fox in the ad had been “shameless” in “moving all around and shaking”, and Fox had not taken “his medication or he’s acting, one of the two”. [151] Fox said “the irony of it is I was too medicated”, adding that there was no way to predict how his symptoms would manifest. Limbaugh said he would apologize to Fox “bigley and hugely…if I am wrong in characterizing his behavior on this commercial as an act”. [152] In 2012 Fox said Limbaugh in 2006 had acted on “bullying instincts” when “he said I faked it. I didn’t fake it”, and said Limbaugh’s goal was to have him marginalized and shut down for his Stem Cell stance. [153]

Phony soldiers

Main article: Phony soldiers controversy

Media Matters’ reported radio talk show host Rush Limbaugh in 2007 saying that Iraq war veterans opposed to the war as “the phony soldiers.” Limbaugh later said that he was speaking of Jesse MacBeth, a soldier who falsely claimed to have been decorated for valor but, in fact, had never seen combat. Limbaugh said Media Matters was trying to smear him with out of context and selectively edited comments. After Limbaugh published what he said was the entire transcript of phony soldiers discussion, Media Matters said that over a minute and 30 seconds of the transcript was omitted without “notation or ellipsis to indicate that there is, in fact, a break in the transcript.” [154][155] Limbaugh said during the minute and a half gap Media Matters had pointed out, he was waiting for relevant ABC news copy on the topic, and the transcript and audio edits were “for space and relevance reasons, not to hide anything.” [156]

Sandra Fluke controversy

Main article: Rush Limbaugh – Sandra Fluke controversy

The Rush Limbaugh–Sandra Fluke controversy (IPA:flʊk) began on February 29, 2012, when Rush Limbaugh’s remarks about contraceptive mandates included mention of Georgetown University Law Center student Sandra Fluke as a “slut” and “prostitute”. Limbaugh was commenting on Fluke’s speech the previous week to House Democrats in support of mandating insurance coverage for contraceptives. Despite disapproval from major political figures, Limbaugh made numerous similar statements over the next two days, leading to the loss of 45 [157] to “more than 100” [158] local and national sponsors and Limbaugh’s apology on his show for some of his comments. Fluke rejected the apology as dubious and inadequate. [159]

References see Wikipedia and the above information from Wikipedia web site.

More information on Rush Limbaugh

By the time he was 8 years old, Limbaugh had set his sights on a career in radio. His father, however, had a more stable career in mind for his son. “I said, ‘Pop, I love this. I know I’m great at it. I’m gonna get even better,'” Limbaugh remembered. But Rush Limbaugh II remained opposed to his son’s goal, and because of it, Rush soon was viewed as a rebel to the rest of the Limbaugh clan. “Perhaps if there was a black sheep in our family, it was me, because I never—I’ve never been a conformist,” Limbaugh later said, adding, “I was hugely rebellious. I hated school because it’s what everybody else had to do. I hated being locked up from the second grade on in a room. …The guy on the radio’s having fun … he’s not going to some room having to learn to paste.”

Though Limbaugh’s family frowned upon his aspirations for a career in radio, they didn’t completely ignore his passion for broadcasting. At the age of 9, Limbaugh received a Remco Caravelle, a toy radio that could transmit on AM frequencies up to 500 feet away. “I would take this up to my bedroom and play records and play DJ … to the house, and my mother and dad would sit down and listen to me. …The quality was horrible, but I was on the radio,” Limbaugh recalled. He went on to explain why he believed his family had a change of heart about his pursuits. “I had quit the Boy Scouts and the Cub Scouts. I was a quitter. …This was the one thing I didn’t quit, so they … indulged it, because, ‘At least he’s showing he’ll stick-to-it-tiveness.'”

Limbaugh landed his first radio job when he was in high school; using the pseudonym “Rusty Sharpe,” he worked as a deejay for the local station KGMO (co-owned by his father). Following high school, Limbaugh briefly attended Southeast Missouri State University; he left the school in 1971, after one year of enrollment to pursue a career in radio.

Not all news people are like this, what agenda do they have?
image Rush Limbaughs home, one of five I was told.

And Rush Wants his social Security Check!

Come back check this post out, I will be posting more on this topic
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THAT’S Nasty!

Rush Limbaugh, Sr.

Last modified 4 days ago

For Rush Limbaugh, Sr.’s descendants, see Limbaugh family. Rush Hudson Limbaugh, Sr. Born September 27, 1891 Bollinger County, Missouri Died April 8, 1996 (aged 104) Cape Girardeau, Missouri Occupation Jurist, lawyer, legislator, ambassador

Rush Hudson Limbaugh, Sr. (September 27, 1891 – April 8, 1996) was an American jurist, legislator, and ambassador. His legal career spanned just under eighty years and he argued cases before the Missouri Supreme Court, Internal Revenue Service Appellate Division, Interstate Commerce Commission, and National Labor Relations Board.

Biography

Early years

Limbaugh had German ancestry. [1] Born near Sedgewickville, Missouri, in Bollinger County, Missouri, he was initially educated in a one-room schoolhouse near his family farm. In 1914, he entered the University of Missouri Law School following his attendance at the University of Missouri, and although he did not complete law school he was admitted to the Missouri bar in 1916.

Career

Limbaugh was the city attorney for Cape Girardeau, Missouri, from 1917 till 1919. He began to take an active interest in politics during this period and in 1919 was among those signing a convention call to establish a new progressive political organization, the Committee of 48. [2]

Limbaugh began his own law firm in 1923. He served in the Missouri State Legislature from 1931 to 1932 and during his service advocated the consolidation of Missouri school districts and the formation of the Missouri State Highway Patrol. [citation needed]

Limbaugh was President of the Missouri Bar (1955-1956) and also served as an ambassador for the U.S. legal system to India during the 1950s. He remained a practicing attorney for the rest of his life. [citation needed]

In addition to his legal career, Limbaugh was active in civic affairs. He was involved in the early development of Southeast Missouri Hospital, was active with the Boy Scout movement and worked with the Salvation Army for nearly fifty years. [citation needed]

Death and legacy

Rush Hudson Limbaugh, Sr. United States Courthouse in Cape Girardeau

Rush Limbaugh, Sr. died on April 8, 1996. He was 104 years old at the time of his death.

Limbaugh’s descendants include jurists Stephen N. Limbaugh, Sr., Stephen N. Limbaugh, Jr., and grandsons [3] radio commentator Rush H. Limbaugh III and attorney and political commentator David Limbaugh.

In 2007, a new federal courthouse located in Cape Girardeau, Missouri was named after him. [4]

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The Committee of 48 was an American liberal political association established in 1919 in the hope of creating a new political party for social reform to stand in opposition to the increasingly conservative Republican and Democratic parties. Named in recognition of the 48 states of the USA to signify the desire to construct a broad national movement, the moderate progressives of the Committee of 48 attempted without success to form such a third party with sympathetic activists from the labor movement in 1920.

The group (commonly known as “The Forty-Eighters”) then became one of the key constituents in the Conference for Progressive Political Action in 1922, a movement culminating in the independent candidacy of Robert LaFollete for President of the United States in 1924.

Organizational history

Establishment

J.A.H. Hopkins, a former member of the Democratic National Committee and head of the short-lived National Party, was the National Secretary of the Committee of 48.

The Committee of 48 traces its roots to January 1919, when a gathering of individuals interested in public affairs gathered in New York City. [1] Those so assembled decided that a formal organization should be sponsored and decided to issue a call for a National Conference. [1] The name “Committee of 48” was chosen as a reflection of the desire to form a national organization bringing together interested representatives of each of the nation’s 48 states. [1]

The formal call for a new organization, headlined “Revolution or Reconstruction? A Call to Americans,” was first published on March 22 in four prominent liberal publications. [1] This appeal was targeted to Americans who sought neither revolution nor a turn to reaction in America and urged the formation of a new political entity that would stand apart both from the proto-communist revolutionary socialist movement and from the increasing conservatism of the two “old parties” of American politics, the Republicans and Democrats. [2] Public reaction to this announcement was deemed as favorable by the group’s organizers. [1]

The first published call to establish the organization read in part:

Planning on entering the political fray for the long haul, the Committee of 48 opened a headquarters office at 15 E 40th Street in New York City in June 1919, with J.A.H. Hopkins of Morristown, New Jersey, former chairman of the National Executive Committee of the National Party, in the role of Chairman. [4] A more nebulous “General Committee” back of the organization included a number of marquee names of the American mainstream liberal movement, including historian and philosopher Will Durant, attorney Dudley Field Malone, pacifist minister John Haynes Holmes, and writer and academic Robert Morss Lovett, among others. [4]

To gauge public interest in its efforts, the Committee of 48 circulated some 30,000 copies of a survey to progressives around the nation inquiring as to their views on the need for a new political party and polling them on who should lead such a political ticket. [5] Some 21,000 surveys were returned to the organization, loudly voicing approval of a new organization to challenge the dominant Republican and Democratic Parties and endorsing the candidacy of Wisconsin Senator Robert LaFollette as their preferred nominee for President. [5]

On September 22, 1919, the organizing committee pegged St. Louis, Missouri as the location at which the founding conference would be held and slated December 9 to 12 as the dates for the event. [1] Some 300,000 copies of a pamphlet entitled A Call to a National Conference were distributed in preparation for the event. [1]

National Conference

Over 500 persons attended the organizational conference of the Committee of 48, which was gaveled to order on December 9, 1919. [1] That gathering unanimously adopted a first platform for the organization as well as a set of resolutions on various issues of the day. [1] This platform was envisioned as a working draft, to be discussed by the public in preparation for a formally delegated political convention. [1]

The platform approved by the December national conference of the Committee of 48 called for public ownership of transportation, stock yards, grain elevators, public utilities, and “the principle natural resources, such as coal, oil, natural gas, mineral deposits, timber, and water works. [6] The use of tax policy was urged to ensure that idle land was put into productive use. [6] The convention also declared itself for

An end to the use of legal injunctions in labor disputes was demanded, and the right of workers to “organize and bargain collectively” was endorsed. [6]

The conference passed resolutions calling for the retention of American railroads under government control for a two-year period, requiring that Congress submit any future declaration of war to a direct vote of the people, urging the Blockade of Soviet Russia be immediately lifted and all American forces withdrawn from that country, and demanding that “political prisoners and all imprisoned in violation of their constitutional right of free speech” be immediately released. [7] Additional resolutions were passed urging that universal military training not be implemented and that the American government should “make every effort to secure universal disarmament by international agreement. [7]

July 1920 Conventions

Attorney Dudley Field Malone, spokesman for the pro-unity forces in the Committee of 48 at the July 1920 Convention.

A grand unification convention designed to bring together liberal forces around a new third party was opened in Chicago on July 10, 1920. The gathering brought together the Committee of 48 with representatives of the Single Tax movement, with a view to further combining with the convention of the Labor Party of the United States, due to start in the same city two days later. [8]

Also joining the eclectic gathering of 539 accredited delegates were adherents of other political organizations, including the Non-Partisan League, the Northwest Farmers’ National Council, the Triple Alliance of the Northwest, the Consumers’ League, and other organizations. [8]

Lack of harmony was evident from the outset, with incompatible programmatic goals and Presidential desires evident, the Single Taxers insistent upon a Single Tax plank in the new party’s platform and threatening to bolt the convention if the favorite of the Committee of 48, “Fighting Bob” LaFollette of Wisconsin, were to be nominated to head the ticket. [8]

Simultaneously, closed door unity negotiations were begun between representatives of the Committee of 48 and the Labor Party with a view to joining the two conventions in a new organization to challenge the so-called “old parties” of American politics, the Democratic Party and the Republican Party. [9]

The unification effort was quickly on the rocks, however, as two days of preparatory meetings of conference committees of the two organizations proved unable to agree upon a common program. [9] Bad feelings were in evidence, with at least one member of the Labor Party charging the Committee of 48 with being “plutocratic philanthropists trying to use the Labor Party.” [9] Moreover, the “Forty-Eighters” found themselves internally divided between a more conservative bloc based in the East, including top organizational leaders J.A.H. Hopkins, Allen McCurdy, and Amos Pinchot, and a more radical segment of newcomers hailing largely from the Western states, the most prominent spokesman for whom was lawyer Dudley Field Malone. [9]

The matter of central difference between the two groups related to the proposed unified organization’s position on nationalization of industry, with the Labor Party camp and the Western radical members of the Committee of 48 in favor of the proposition while the Eastern leadership of the “Forty-Eighters” deeming the matter “pre-revolutionary idealism” that was far in advance of political realities. [9] Rumors circulated that Western adherents of the Committee of 48 believed their Eastern-based leadership, clearly unhappy with the direction in which the convention was headed, to be stalling unity negotiations in order to bring the unity convention to a stalemate and thereby preserve their organizational independence and personal control. [9]

On July 12, the first day of their own scheduled convention, Labor Party activists at the convention therefore issued the Committee of 48 an ultimatum: to either proceed with amalgamation the next day on terms suitable to the Labor Party or else the Labor Party would forward alone, nominating its own candidate for President of the United States and writing its own program in its own name. [9] The Hopkins-McCurdy-Pinchot bloc refused this proposition, and no unification of the two rival organizations was achieved. [9] The Labor Party of the United States went on to nominate Utahn Parley Parker Christensen to head its ticket and conducted its own campaign in the 1920 campaign.

The Eastern leaders of the Committee of 48 attempted to put the best face on their inability to construct a unified third party for the November 1920 election, with Allen McCurdy declaring the failure to have been “inevitable,” while counterintuitively declaring that the inability of the July conventions to unite having revealed “more clearly than ever the necessity for a new party.” [2] In McCurdy’s view, unification had failed owing to the failure of the convention to accept the desires of “the responsible leadership of the Committee of 48” to establish a “great coalition party” of “believers in American progress,” in which organized labor would play only a part. [2]

Instead, influenced by the British Labour Party, the adherents of the Labor Party of the United States had opted for a “class party devoted to the interests of the workers alone.” [2]

McCurdy declared:

The Committee of 48 would continue its efforts to establish a new progressive political party, but on its own terms.

Activity in the Conference for Progressive Political Action

Over the course of the next two years, members of the Committee of 48 gave support to various insurgent progressive politicians in their campaigns for election. Some of these successful candidacies included the Senatorial campaigns of Non-Partisan League Republican Lynn Frazier in North Dakota and progressive Republican Robert B. Howell in Nebraska, the re-election of Senator Bob LaFollette in Wisconsin, and the Gubernatorial campaign of Charles W. Bryan in Nebraska. [10]

Executive Chairman J.A.H. Hopkins saw this success of these and other progressive candidacies in the 1922 election to be indicative of a groundswell of support for a new political party to challenge the Republicans and Democrats in an organized manner, announcing to the press that plans were underway for the calling of yet another national convention to launch a new political movement. [10]

Dissolution and legacy

The failure of the Committee of 48 to establish a viable new progressive capitalist political party owing its own ideological timidity was foreseen even in 1920, when one discouraged Single Tax adherent noted of the failed unity effort of July 1920:

“Despite America’s splendid success in a war waged against foreign autocracy, our country is menaced by the growing power of an autocratic and reactionary minority at home. We stand in danger of losing many of the liberties and advances won in the course of our national development….

” “Centralization and autocracy are increasing rapidly in the organization of governments, in the control of credit, and in the determination of public opinion. The very classes whose labors in factory and field are the basis of our economic power, find no effective political medium through which to express their economic demand…

“It is the purpose of the Committee of Forty-eight to summon from all parts of the country the leaders of its liberal thought and of its forward-looking citizens, to meet in conference. We hope that out of this assemblage of the scattered forces of Americanism will come a flexible statement of principles and methods that will permit effective cooperation with organized Labor and Agricultural workers in the tasks of social reconstruction.” [3]

Planning on entering the political fray for the long haul, the Committee of 48 opened a headquarters office at 15 E 40th Street in New York City in June 1919, with J.A.H. Hopkins of Morristown, New Jersey, former chairman of the National Executive Committee of the National Party, in the role of Chairman. [4] A more nebulous “General Committee” back of the organization included a number of marquee names of the American mainstream liberal movement, including historian and philosopher Will Durant, attorney Dudley Field Malone, pacifist minister John Haynes Holmes, and writer and academic Robert Morss Lovett, among others. [4]

To gauge public interest in its efforts, the Committee of 48 circulated some 30,000 copies of a survey to progressives around the nation inquiring as to their views on the need for a new political party and polling them on who should lead such a political ticket. [5] Some 21,000 surveys were returned to the organization, loudly voicing approval of a new organization to challenge the dominant Republican and Democratic Parties and endorsing the candidacy of Wisconsin Senator Robert LaFollette as their preferred nominee for President. [5]

On September 22, 1919, the organizing committee pegged St. Louis, Missouri as the location at which the founding conference would be held and slated December 9 to 12 as the dates for the event. [1] Some 300,000 copies of a pamphlet entitled A Call to a National Conference were distributed in preparation for the event. [1]

National Conference

Over 500 persons attended the organizational conference of the Committee of 48, which was gaveled to order on December 9, 1919. [1] That gathering unanimously adopted a first platform for the organization as well as a set of resolutions on various issues of the day. [1] This platform was envisioned as a working draft, to be discussed by the public in preparation for a formally delegated political convention. [1]

The platform approved by the December national conference of the Committee of 48 called for public ownership of transportation, stock yards, grain elevators, public utilities, and “the principle natural resources, such as coal, oil, natural gas, mineral deposits, timber, and water works. [6] The use of tax policy was urged to ensure that idle land was put into productive use. [6] The convention also declared itself for


“Equal economic, political, and legal rights for all, irrespective of sex or color. The immediate and absolute restoration of free speech, free press, peaceable assembly, and all civil rights guaranteed by the Constitution.” [6]

An end to the use of legal injunctions in labor disputes was demanded, and the right of workers to “organize and bargain collectively” was endorsed. [6]

The conference passed resolutions calling for the retention of American railroads under government control for a two-year period, requiring that Congress submit any future declaration of war to a direct vote of the people, urging the Blockade of Soviet Russia be immediately lifted and all American forces withdrawn from that country, and demanding that “political prisoners and all imprisoned in violation of their constitutional right of free speech” be immediately released. [7] Additional resolutions were passed urging that universal military training not be implemented and that the American government should “make every effort to secure universal disarmament by international agreement. [7]

July 1920 Conventions

Attorney Dudley Field Malone, spokesman for the pro-unity forces in the Committee of 48 at the July 1920 Convention.

A grand unification convention designed to bring together liberal forces around a new third party was opened in Chicago on July 10, 1920. The gathering brought together the Committee of 48 with representatives of the Single Tax movement, with a view to further combining with the convention of the Labor Party of the United States, due to start in the same city two days later. [8]

Also joining the eclectic gathering of 539 accredited delegates were adherents of other political organizations, including the Non-Partisan League, the Northwest Farmers’ National Council, the Triple Alliance of the Northwest, the Consumers’ League, and other organizations. [8]

Lack of harmony was evident from the outset, with incompatible programmatic goals and Presidential desires evident, the Single Taxers insistent upon a Single Tax plank in the new party’s platform and threatening to bolt the convention if the favorite of the Committee of 48, “Fighting Bob” LaFollette of Wisconsin, were to be nominated to head the ticket. [8]

Simultaneously, closed door unity negotiations were begun between representatives of the Committee of 48 and the Labor Party with a view to joining the two conventions in a new organization to challenge the so-called “old parties” of American politics, the Democratic Party and the Republican Party. [9]

The unification effort was quickly on the rocks, however, as two days of preparatory meetings of conference committees of the two organizations proved unable to agree upon a common program. [9] Bad feelings were in evidence, with at least one member of the Labor Party charging the Committee of 48 with being “plutocratic philanthropists trying to use the Labor Party.” [9] Moreover, the “Forty-Eighters” found themselves internally divided between a more conservative bloc based in the East, including top organizational leaders J.A.H. Hopkins, Allen McCurdy, and Amos Pinchot, and a more radical segment of newcomers hailing largely from the Western states, the most prominent spokesman for whom was lawyer Dudley Field Malone. [9]

The matter of central difference between the two groups related to the proposed unified organization’s position on nationalization of industry, with the Labor Party camp and the Western radical members of the Committee of 48 in favor of the proposition while the Eastern leadership of the “Forty-Eighters” deeming the matter “pre-revolutionary idealism” that was far in advance of political realities. [9] Rumors circulated that Western adherents of the Committee of 48 believed their Eastern-based leadership, clearly unhappy with the direction in which the convention was headed, to be stalling unity negotiations in order to bring the unity convention to a stalemate and thereby preserve their organizational independence and personal control. [9]

On July 12, the first day of their own scheduled convention, Labor Party activists at the convention therefore issued the Committee of 48 an ultimatum: to either proceed with amalgamation the next day on terms suitable to the Labor Party or else the Labor Party would forward alone, nominating its own candidate for President of the United States and writing its own program in its own name. [9] The Hopkins-McCurdy-Pinchot bloc refused this proposition, and no unification of the two rival organizations was achieved. [9] The Labor Party of the United States went on to nominate Utahn Parley Parker Christensen to head its ticket and conducted its own campaign in the 1920 campaign.

The Eastern leaders of the Committee of 48 attempted to put the best face on their inability to construct a unified third party for the November 1920 election, with Allen McCurdy declaring the failure to have been “inevitable,” while counterintuitively declaring that the inability of the July conventions to unite having revealed “more clearly than ever the necessity for a new party.” [2] In McCurdy’s view, unification had failed owing to the failure of the convention to accept the desires of “the responsible leadership of the Committee of 48” to establish a “great coalition party” of “believers in American progress,” in which organized labor would play only a part. [2]

Instead, influenced by the British Labour Party, the adherents of the Labor Party of the United States had opted for a “class party devoted to the interests of the workers alone.” [2]
Read more go to Wikimedia for more on Rush Limbaugh etc we will talk more latter on Rush.

Below information about Sean Hannity from Wikipedia. A

Sean Hannity Bio

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Born Sean Patrick Hannity [1] December 30, 1961 (age 51) New York City, New York Nationality American Occupation Radio host/television host, political commentator, author Employer Citadel Broadcasting, Fox News Channel Known for Political commentary Religion Roman Catholic Spouse(s) Jill Rhodes Hannity Parents Hugh J. and Lillian F. Hannity Website Hannity.com

Sean Patrick Hannity [1] (born December 30, 1961) is an American television host, populist, author, and conservative political commentator. He is the host of The Sean Hannity Show, a nationally syndicated talk radio show that airs throughout the United States. Hannity also hosts a cable news show, Hannity, on Fox News Channel. Hannity has written three New York Times–bestselling books: [2][3] Let Freedom Ring: Winning the War of Liberty over Liberalism, Deliver Us from Evil: Defeating Terrorism, Despotism, and Liberalism, and Conservative Victory: Defeating Obama’s Radical Agenda.

Personal background

Sean Patrick Hannity is the son of Hugh J. and Lillian F. Hannity. His paternal and maternal grandparents immigrated to the United States from Ireland. He has two sisters. He grew up in Franklin Square, New York, [4] and attended Sacred Heart Seminary in Hempstead, New York, during his middle school years and St. Pius X Preparatory Seminary high school in Uniondale, New York. [5] Hannity dropped out of New York University and Adelphi University. [6][7]

Married to Jill Hannity (nee Rhodes) since 1993, Hannity has two children, Patrick and Merri Kelly. [8]

Professional life

Hannity in a radio and television interview with Vice President of the U.S. Dick Cheney

Hannity hosted his first talk radio show in 1989 at the volunteer college station at UC Santa Barbara, KCSB-FM, while working as a general contractor. The show aired for 40 hours of air time; [9] Regarding his first show, Hannity has said, “I wasn’t good at it. I was terrible.” [10] Hannity’s weekly show on KCSB was canceled after less than a year by station managers. This was after two shows featuring the book The AIDS Coverup: The Real and Alarming Facts about AIDS by Gene Antonio; among other remarks made during the broadcast, Hannity told a lesbian caller “I feel sorry for your child.” [11] The station later reversed its decision to dismiss Hannity due in part to a campaign conducted by the Santa Barbara Chapter of the American Civil Liberties Union. Hannity decided against returning to KCSB. [12]

After leaving KCSB, Hannity placed an ad in radio publications presenting himself as “the most talked about college radio host in America.” Radio station WVNN in Athens, Alabama (part of the Huntsville market) then hired him to be the afternoon talk show host. [9] From Huntsville, he moved to WGST in Atlanta in 1992, filling the slot vacated by Neal Boortz, who had moved to competing station WSB. In September 1996 Fox News co-founder Roger Ailes hired the then relatively unknown Hannity to host a television program under the working title Hannity and LTBD (“liberal to be determined”). [13] Alan Colmes was then hired to co-host and the show debuted as Hannity & Colmes.

Later that year Hannity left WGST for New York, where WABC had him substitute for their afternoon drive time host during Christmas week. In January 1997, WABC put Hannity on the air full-time, giving him the late night time slot. WABC then moved Hannity to the same drive time slot he had filled temporarily a little more than a year earlier. Hannity has been on WABC’s afternoon time slot since January 1998. [14]

Conservative Cal Thomas and liberal Bob Beckel, in their book Common Ground, describe Hannity as a leader of the pack among broadcasting political polarizers, which following James Q. Wilson they define as those who have “an intense commitment to a candidate, a culture, or an ideology that sets people in one group definitively apart from people in another, rival group.” [15]

Television

See also: Hannity & Colmes, Hannity’s America, and Hannity

Hannity was a co-host of Hannity & Colmes, an American political “point-counterpoint”-style television program on the Fox News Channel featuring Hannity and Alan Colmes as co-hosts. Hannity presented the conservative point of view with Colmes providing the liberal viewpoint. Critics argued that the show highlighted Hannity’s views and those of conservative guests over Colmes’ and those of liberal guests. [16]

Hannity had on air clashes with show guests such as Fr. Thomas J. Euteneuer of Human Life International, who challenged Hannity on his public dissent from the Catholic Church on the issue of contraception. [17][18] Hannity stated that if the Catholic Church were to excommunicate him over the issue, he would join Jerry Falwell’s Thomas Road Baptist Church. [19]

In January 2007, Hannity began a new Sunday night television show on Fox News, Hannity’s America.

In November 2008, Colmes announced his departure from Hannity & Colmes. After the show’s final broadcast on January 9, 2009, Hannity took over the time slot with his own new show, Hannity, which has a format similar to Hannity’s America.

Radio

Hannity’s radio program is a conservative political talk show that features Hannity’s opinions and ideology related to current issues and politicians. The Sean Hannity Show began national syndication on September 10, 2001, on over 500 stations nationwide. [20] As of spring 2008, the program is heard by over 13.25 million listeners a week. [21] In 2004, Hannity signed a $25 million five-year contract extension with ABC Radio (now Citadel Media) to continue the show through 2009. [22] The program was made available via Armed Forces Radio Network in 2006. [23] In June 2007, ABC Radio was sold to Citadel Communications [24] and in the summer of 2008, Hannity was signed for a $100 million five-year contract. [25]

In January 2007, Clear Channel Communications signed a groupwide three-year extension with Hannity on over 80 stations. [26] The largest stations in the group deal included KTRH Houston, KFYI Phoenix, WPGB Pittsburgh, WKRC Cincinnati, WOOD Grand Rapids, WFLA Tampa, WOAI San Antonio, WLAC Nashville, and WREC Memphis.

The opening theme music for the Sean Hannity Show is “Independence Day” by Martina McBride followed by “Eye of the Tiger” by Survivor.

Hannity signed a long-term contract to remain with Premiere Networks in September 2013. [27]

Books

Hannity is the author of three books. The first two, Let Freedom Ring: Winning the War of Liberty over Liberalism and Deliver Us from Evil: Defeating Terrorism, Despotism, and Liberalism, were published through ReganBooks. Both of these books reached the nonfiction New York Times bestseller list, the second of which stayed there for five weeks. [28][29] Hannity has stated that he is too busy to write many books, [28] and dictated a lot of his own two books into a tape recorder while driving in to do his radio show. [30]

Hannity wrote his third book, Conservative Victory: Defeating Obama’s Radical Agenda, which was released by HarperCollins on March 30, 2010. [31] The book became Hannity’s third New York Times Bestseller. [32]

Freedom Concerts

Since 2003, Hannity has hosted country music–themed “Freedom Concerts” to raise money for charity. [33] According to WHIO, more than $9 million has been raised by the concerts and by WHIO listeners as of 2009. [34]

Artists such as Charlie Daniels, [35][36] Billy Ray Cyrus, [35] Hank Williams, Jr., Ted Nugent, Montgomery Gentry, [36][37]

Martina McBride, Buddy Jewell, LeAnn Rimes, Lee Greenwood, [35][36] Michael W. Smith, [35] and Avalon [36] have headlined at these concerts. Between musical sets, the concerts include short intermissions with politically conservative speakers such as Oliver North, G. Gordon Liddy, Mark Levin, Newt Gingrich, Jon Voight, and Rudy Giuliani. Headlining names for the 2010 concert series were Lynyrd Skynyrd, Charlie Daniels, and Michael W. Smith. [34][38]

Awards and honors

Hannity received a Marconi Award in 2003 and 2007 as the Network Syndicated Personality of the Year from the National Association of Broadcasters. [39]

In 2009, Talkers Magazine listed Hannity as #2 on their list of the 100 most important radio talk show hosts in America. [40] The same magazine gave Hannity their Freedom of Speech Award in 2003. [41]

In 2005, Jerry Falwell, chancellor of Liberty University, awarded Hannity an honorary degree. [42]

Radio and Records magazine has honored Hannity with the National Talk Show Host of the Year Award for three consecutive years. [43]

Bibliography

Hannity, Sean (2002). Let Freedom Ring: Winning the War of Liberty over Liberalism, ReganBooks, ISBN 0-06-051455-8. Hannity, Sean (2004). Deliver Us from Evil: Defeating Terrorism, Despotism, and Liberalism, ReganBooks, ISBN 0-06-058251-0. Hannity, Sean (2010). Conservative Victory: Defeating Obama’s Radical Agenda, Harper Paperbacks, ISBN 0-06-200305-4.initial

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